ASA Style


ASA style (from the English American Sociological Association (ASA) Style) is generally accepted format for the design of research and academic works in the field of sociology in foreign universities. This style has specific requirements for the organization of material in academic work, as well as for the location and design of footnotes and bibliographies. Style standards are described in detail in the ASA style guide published by the American Association of Sociologists. The manual is constantly updating.

This style is similar in format and function to the APA style developed by the American Psychological Association. Both styles have a common citation format. A list of used literature and other sources is placed at the end of the document after all sections. This section is called "Used Sources". This distinguishes those style from the style of MLA (American Association of the Modern Language) where the same section is called "References". Unlike the MLA style parenthesized links include the year of publication also. ASA style is easily recognizable by the link "author-year" in the citation system. The publication date immediately follows the name of the author or the names of the authors.


Bursik, Robert J., Jr. and Harold G. Grasmick. Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimensions of Effective Community Control. New York: Lexington Books, 1993.
Serial / journal article (print)
Arias, O., and Denyer, P. Estructura geológica de la región comprendida en las hojas topográficas Abras, Caraigres, Candelaria y Río Grande, Costa Rica: Revista Geológica de América Central. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 1991, 12234(3), 237-51. ISSN 0016-7568.
Electronic resource (remote access)
Schafer, Daniel W. and Fred L. Ramsey. Canary Islands species threatened by soft borders. Journal of Statistics Education  [online]. 11(1), 2003 [Retrieved December 12, 2006]. Available from: