Harvard style

Version: 3.0.2 Sept 2013
You can download standard here


Harvard style or author-date style is widely used in humanities and social sciences, as well as in academic publications.

Citation rules

In-text citation

In-text citations are used when directly quoting or paraphrasing a source. They are located in the body of the work and contain a fragment of the full citation.

Depending on the source type, some Harvard Reference in-text citations may look something like this:

"After that I lived like a young rajah in all the capitals of Europe…" (Fitzgerald, 2004).

Reference List

Reference Lists are located at the end of the work and display full citations for sources used in the assignment.

Here is an example of a full citation for a book found in a Harvard Reference list:

Fitzgerald, F. (2004). The great Gatsby. New York: Scribner.


Dagorne, F. G. (2003) French Cultural Developments: A Feminist Perspective. London: Macmillan
Serial / journal article (print)
Potter, F., Pavliotis, M., Kiran, D., Qureshi, H. A., and Ball, R. (2005) ‘White Noise and Particle Behaviour’. Journal of Mathematics and Physics (1), 67-81
Electronic resource (remote access)
Dhillon, B. (2004) ‘Should Doctors Wear Ties?’ Medical Monthly [online] (1), 55-88. available from  [20 April 2006]